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Article domain: Environmental and Earth Physics
Gamma Spectrometry Analysis of Natural and Man-Made Radioactivity and Assessment of Radiological Risk in Soils Around Steel Industry
Antoaneta Ene, Ana Pantelică, Florin Sloată, Hesham M.H. Zakaly, Huseyin Ozan Tekin
Received April 7, 2023

   Abstract. In this paper low background high-resolution gamma spectrometry was used for the determination of the activity concentrations of the natural and man-made radionuclides in topsoil samples collected in the vicinity of a large steel plant in Galati, Romania. Their values (mean ± standard deviation) for 238U, 226Ra, 232Th, 235U, 210Pb, 40K and 137Cs were: 38.1 ± 6.2; 35.9 ± 5.4; 35.5 ± 3.0; 1.8 ± 0.4; 47.3 ± 8.6; 504.5 ± 38.9 and 7.2 ± 4.7 Bq·kg–1, respectively. 60Co and 241Am had activities below the detection limit: 0.6–1.3 and 2.2–4.7 Bq·kg–1, respectively. The results indicate inputs of natural radionuclides in the sites close to the slag dump, raw materials transportation facility, ore and coal processing factories, blast furnaces, and iron scrap deposit. The evaluation of the associated radiological impact was performed based on selected hazard parameters: absorbed gamma dose rate, total external gamma dose rate, radium equivalent activity index, external hazard index, representative level index, annual effective dose, excess lifetime cancer risk, and annual gonadal dose.

Key words: Radioactivity, soils, risk, gamma spectrometry, steel industry, Galati, Romania.
Article no. 803: Download
Romanian Journal of Physics 68 (7-8), 803 (2023)

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